The changes of April 2015 represented a complete shake-up of the UK’s pensions system, giving people much more control over their defined contribution pension savings than before. There are now more options for using this type of private pension pot, enabling some people aged over 55 to have greater freedom over how they can access their pension pots – the money they’ve built up during their working life.
Independent research from Prudential highlights that two out of three over-55s (67%) – the age from which retirement savers can utilise the new rules – say they are still confused by the reforms. More than three quarters (77%) want an end to any further changes to pension rules, and more than four out of ten (42%) say the continual changes to pensions have made them switch off from the topic.
Government figures demonstrate the cost of this confusion for retirement savers, as tax bills related to the pension freedoms are now greater than anticipated. It was initially estimated that the changes would mean a total of £900 million being paid in both tax years 2015/16 and 2016/17. In fact, a total of £2.6 billion in tax is now expected to be paid.
The new pension freedoms are having an impact in other ways. Nearly one in ten (9%) over-55s say they have made changes to their retirement plans as a result of the reforms. Receiving professional financial advice has also been increasing, with a fifth of retirement savers (21%) saying they are taking advice, while a further 9% are either planning to or have done so for the first time.
However, concerns that pension rules may change again in the future persist, with 81% of over-55s worried that the State Pension might be reduced and 57% concerned it will be abolished. Nearly two out of three (63%) also believe that tax relief on pension contributions will be reduced at some time in the future.
Nearly 550,000 people have accessed more than £9.2 billion in funds since the launch of pension freedoms, demonstrating that there is popular demand for the increased flexibility brought about by the reforms.
Two years on from the introduction of the new rules, there is also widespread confusion, with two out of three over-55s admitting they don’t fully understand the reforms. This lack of understanding may be a contributing factor in pension-related tax paid to the Treasury being higher than originally expected.
This widespread confusion underlines the importance of advice and guidance in ensuring that the pension freedoms are a long-term success, and it is encouraging that many savers recognise how advice can help them to make the most of their retirement pot. This is a crucial fact, because how you take your pension could have many consequences, including putting you in a higher tax bracket – even if that is not normally the case.
 Consumer Intelligence conducted research on behalf of Prudential between
17 and 24 February 2017 among a nationally representative sample of 867 people aged 55-plus
A PENSION IS A LONG-TERM INVESTMENT. THE FUND VALUE MAY FLUCTUATE AND CAN GO DOWN, WHICH WOULD HAVE AN IMPACT ON THE LEVEL OF PENSION BENEFITS AVAILABLE.
YOUR PENSION INCOME COULD ALSO BE AFFECTED BY INTEREST RATES AT THE TIME YOU TAKE YOUR BENEFITS. THE TAX IMPLICATIONS OF PENSION WITHDRAWALS WILL BE BASED ON YOUR INDIVIDUAL CIRCUMSTANCES, TAX LEGISLATION AND REGULATION, WHICH ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE IN THE FUTURE.